dry eye treatments katy

What is Dry Eye?

Dry eye is a chronic condition that needs to be managed with continuous treatment.  Dry eye is unique to the individual and can be caused a combination of environmental and systemic conditions.

Two of the most common types of dry eye is the Evaporative which is the lack of lipids in tears and tear film, and Aqueous, which is the lack of water in tears and tear film. The two types of dry eye disease may present in isolation or occur simultaneously.

Evaporative Dry Eye:

Accounts for 86% of all dry eye and is caused by blockage of the meibomian glands that line the lash margin (also, known as Meibomian Gland Dysfunction, or MGD). The limited secretion of oil by these glands leads to quick evaporation of tears. An insufficient oil layer may lead to tears evaporating 4-16 times faster than normal.

Aqueous Dry Eye:

Occurs when the lacrimal gland does not produce enough of the water component to keep the eyes moist. This results in concentrated tear film and unstable tear film. The final conclusion is a dry ocular surface.

Causes of Dry Eye:

  • General aging
  • Heavy computer use
  • Eye surgery
  • Medications
  • Auto-immune diseases
  • Environment
  • Contact Lenses

Common Symptoms:

  • Dry Sensation
  • Light Sensitivity
  • Sticky Lid sensation
  • Mucous discharge
  • Excess tearing/water eyes
  • Scratchy and gritty feeling
  • Burning
  • Redness
  • Itching
  • Lid Infections and sties
  • Contact Lens Discomfort
  • Fluctuation in Vision

Common treatments for dry eye symptoms

  • Preservative Free Tears-used to replace the moisture that is lost on your eyes surface
  • Dry Eye Ointment-Continuous over night coverage of the ocular surface
  • Warm Compresses-help loosen the oils in the Meibomian gland for better tear stability.
  • Daily Lid Hygiene-utilizing special lids wipes to clean and disinfect around the lid margin.
  • Pharmaceutical-prescription medications that help improve signs and symptoms of dry eye syndrome. prescribed by your doctor.
  • Punctal Plugs-Helps to decrease the drainage of tears allowing them to stay on the ocular surface longer.

Schedule your appointment with the Katy Eye Professionals to determine what treat is best for you.